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Author Guidelines

As the focus of LIR is on LIS research, we encourage authors to report their research methods in full. If your methods are unusual, please report both successes and difficulties so that other researchers can learn from your experience.

Manuscript preparation
Full instructions for writing a paper for LIR are available here. We recommend that you download this document and use it as a style template for your paper.

The title of the paper should be typed in Times New Roman (boldface 14pt) and is left-justified. The author's name should be typed in Times New Roman (italics 12pt) and also left-justified. Authors should each supply 25-word biographies for inclusion in the Author section (footer of page 1). The principal author's email address should be supplied. A 100-150 word abstract is required.

Manuscripts must be typed single spaced using 12 point characters. Only Times, Times Roman, Times New Roman and Symbol fonts are accepted for the text. Section and subsection titles should be typed in Arial or Helvetica fonts using 11 and 10 point characters, respectively. Paragraph spacing for these should be 12pt above and 8pt below the heading.

The text should be left-justified on an A4 page (21 cm x 29.7 cm); the left margin should be 4.5 cm and the right margin should be 2.5 cm. Paragraphs are separated by 6 points and with no indentation. The text of the papers should be written in one column.

The maximum length of a refereed paper or article is 7,000 words although this may be negotiated with the Editor. Shorter pieces of no less than 2,000 words are also acceptable.

Figures and tables
Figures and tables should be left-justified, numbered consecutively throughout the text, and each should have a caption underneath it. Care should be taken that the lettering is not too small. All figures and tables should be included in the electronic versions of the full paper. Figures and tables should be boxed.

Equations should be typed within the text, centred, and should be numbered consecutively throughout the text. They should be referred to in the text as Equation (n). Their numbers should be typed in parentheses, flush right, as in the following example.

PA + A'P - PBR-1B'P + Q = 0. (1)

Quotations of 20 words or less should be incorporated in the text with quotation marks. Longer quotations should be put in a new paragraph without quotation marks and using the Roman script in italics. All quotations should be attributed with Harvard referencing, for example, (Smith, 2000, 12). In longer quotations they should follow on a separate line, right-justified (see examples).

For example:

Short quotation without reference

Respondents to the survey confirmed the view of one respondent that they were "unable in the main to undertake appropriate user consultations", but were striving to further work in this area.

Short quotation with reference

Researchers have also outlined the five criteria established by the European DELOS project: "extensiveness, effectiveness, efficiency, costing and quality" (Fuhr et al., 2001, 190).

Longer quotation

In times of rapid and profound societal and technological change, evaluation is essential to preserving the viability and visibility of libraries.

(Wallace and van Fleet, 2001, xx)

All authors are encouraged to conclude their paper with a section describing the practical applications of their research, i.e., answering the "so what?" question. What effect should your work have on the LIS practitioner or the research community? Is there anything the community should be doing differently as a result of your research? Have you identified areas for future research? If so, please state them here.

References Please use Harvard-style references, inserting the name and year in the text thus (Cook and Davies, 1997). The list of references should be ordered alphabetically according to the first author surname. If there is no author, order alphabetically by title. The references below are examples.

British companies: High Street stores (n.d.) URL: [accessed 25.5.06].
Chiner Arias, A. 5 Jan 2007. Re: Scanning Practice Survey & Event, LIS-Link [online]. URL: [accessed 26.7.07].
Cook, D. and Davies, H. (1997) The importance of modern library canteens, Public Service Catering, 13(3), 25-31.
Doran, M. (2000) The public library service in a divided community, Portadown, Northern Ireland. MSc (Econ.) dissertation, University of Wales, Aberystwyth.
Fullsome, K. (1994a) In search of the stupendous. Dublin: Strong Publishers.
Karp, R. S. (ed.) (2002) The basic business library: core resources. 4th Ed. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Phipps, L. et al. (2004) Developing and publicising a workable accessibility strategy. Ariadne [online], (38). URL: [accessed 30.5.06].
Research Information Network and the Consortium of Research Libraries (2007) Researchers' use of academic libraries and their services. London: RIN and CURL. URL: [accessed 26.04.08].
Tagish (2006) County, district and borough council websites. URL: [accessed 27.6.06].
Yelland, M. (1977) Research in library and information science. In: Whatley, H. A. (ed.) British librarianship and information science 1971-1975. London: Library Association. 26-54.

The Occasion
Use this heading only to describe a prize entry, thesis description, related project, etc. (for example, if you are writing this paper as the result of winning a LIRG prize). Otherwise omit this heading.

Please acknowledge your research funding body and/or colleagues or other organisations that have contributed to the research. Please use no more than 50 words.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word or RTF document file format.
  3. When available, the URLs to access references online are provided, including those for open access versions of the reference. The URLs are ready to click (e.g.,
  4. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  5. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

Acceptance of the following terms is a precondition of publication in Library and Information Research.

1. Where an article or report has more than one author, the submitting author is responsible for ensuring that all other authors agree to the terms of submission.

2. The author(s) confirm that their paper is original and the sole work of the author(s).

3. If the article contains third-party material (for example text, tables, diagrams or photographs) the author(s) must obtain relevant permissions from the third-party copyright holders and send printed copies of all permissions to the Editor.

4. Copyright and associated moral rights in works published in Library and Information Research are retained by the author(s) but if the author(s) wish to subsequently re-publish their paper they should acknowledge the original publication in Library and Information Research and provide a link to the original article.

5. Authors grant to Library and Information Research non-exclusive rights to reproduce works electronically (in full or in part) and to publish works in any such media current or later developed.

6. By virtue of their appearance in this open access journal, works may be used freely, with proper attribution, in educational and other non-commercial settings.


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.


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ISSN 1756-1086 (Online)